StarTree is an ambitious and exciting project that will show how Multi-Purpose Trees (MPT) and Non Wood Forest Products (NWFP) can be used to strengthen and diversify economic activities in rural areas.

StarTree is based on an integrated approach, identifying challenges and proposing solutions to enhance the management, product development, innovation, multi-stakeholder dialogue and marketing of MPT and NWFP.

StarTree brings together key research organisations and specialised SMEs working on MPT and NWFP throughout Europe to ensure and speed up the transfer of research and innovations to markets.

StarTree relies on strong stakeholder engagement through case studies in 14 regions across Europe and in-depth case studies in 7 key areas.

StarTree is funded by the European Union through the European Commission's FP7 Cooperation Work Programme.


StarTree aims to provide better understanding, knowledge, guidance and tools to support stakeholders  in optimising the management of multi-purpose trees and developing innovative approaches for increasing the marketability and profitability of NWFP for a more competitive rural economy.

StarTree will achieve this by:

  • Developing new knowledge and tools to optimise the sustainable and joint provision of wood, NWFP and related services as well as the management of multi-purpose trees in a climate change context
  • Advancing the understanding on the socio-economic importance and the potentials of markets for NWFP, including the role of public and private actors in supporting the innovation processes for new products and services based on consumers´ behaviours and patterns
  • Establishing solid strategic partnerships between key research organizations and specialised small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) working on NWFP in Europe to ensure and speed up the transfer of research and innovations to markets


An integrated approach:

StarTree engages regional stakeholders to inform the research and development of new tools and knowledge on NWFP and MPT, the results of which will be disseminated widely. To achieve this, the project is composed of seven work packages (WPs).

  • WP title:

    Case study coordination and stakeholder consultation

    WP leader: Wild Resources Limited
    Objectives: With respect to the overall objective of the project to provide a holistic analysis of the European NWFP sector and its potential to support rural development for the benefit of SMEs, forest managers and policy makers, the aim of WP 1 is:
    • the generation of a consistent and coherent dataset to facilitate inter-regional comparisons and the synthesis of findings across Europe and
    • the integration of theory and praxis which requires close cooperation and understanding between academic and relevant stakeholders
  • WP title:

    Resource management

    WP leader: Technical University of Lisbon
    Objectives: The overall objective of this WP is to develop silvicultural guidelines, models and decision support tools to enhance the profitability of MPT and NWFPs management by combining wood and NWFP and will be achieved by pursuing the following goals:
    • review how MPT and NWFP are currently considered in forest management and what management guidelines, models and decision support tools are available
    • provide decision support tools including optimization capabilities and analyse the economics and management of MPT and NWFP
    • develop new silvicultural guidelines to increase the profitability of the management of MPT and NWFPs in regional case study areas
  • WP title:

    Economy and marketing of NWFP

    WP leader: University of Padua
    Objectives: The main objective of WP 3 is to provide knowledge about the current structure and dynamics of NWFP market as well as about the potential development at different scales, by describing:
    •    production patterns and trade development paths for different NWFP
    •    existing and potential marketing strategies and related regulatory issues affecting NWFP economy
    •    impacts on rural development in terms of added value, employment creation, distributional effects, integration processes, financial constraints, transaction costs, risk and uncertainty for the selected case studies
  • WP title:

    Economy and Marketing of NWFP

    WP leader: Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia
    Objectives: The overall aim of this WP is to understand the role of institutions (policies, regulations, policy instruments and informal norms) in the provision and consumption of NWFP. Specific objectives are:
    • to understand how such institutions shape the production and consumption of NWFPs, and clarify underlying causes and reasons for that
    • to understand whether and how such institutions can be changed and what is the role of public and private sectors in institutional change that promotes the diversification of forest activities and fosters the competitiveness of the NWFP sector in Europe
  • WP title:

    Innovation systems and processes

    WP leader: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
    Objectives: The WPs´ overall aim is to get a better understanding of the innovation processes in the management of MPT and in the production of NWFP s, the roles of actors in the innovation systems, and to develop practical guidelines and tools for innovation support. The specific aims are:
    • assess innovation systems and innovation processes relevant for the development and marketing of new forest products on European, national, regional, and enterprise levels
    • collect innovative examples for new forest products across Europe
    • develop innovation strategies for new forest products for different types of companies and for relevant institutional actors
  • WP title:

    Dissemination and Exploitation

    WP leader: European Forest Institute
    Objectives: The aims of this WP are:
    • to identify target users and their requirements and expectations towards improved decision support in MPT and NWFP
    • to synthesize new knowledge gained in the project and to tailor dissemination activities towards different needs and scales: science, policy, business as well as case studies, regions, countries
    • to provide a portal facilitating knowledge exchange, information services, social learning, and regionalised business interactions
  • WP title:

    Project Coordination and Management

    WP leader: European Forest Institute
    Objectives: The main objective of WP 7 is to assure efficient administrative coordination and management of the entire project. This goal will be achieved through the following specific objectives:
    • monitor progress and control quality of the project along the work plan and its milestones and deliverables
    • enable effective information flow, communication and proper decision-making within the project consortium
    • oversee the contractual links between partners
    • ensure the reports are sent to the EC, according to the terms of reference of the project
    • manage risks and resolve potential problems


The forest-based sector in Europe delivers a wide variety of products and services, providing income for about 16 million forest owners, and creating around 4 million jobs, many of them in rural areas. Yet traditionally forest industries have focussed on wood-based products: wood has a significant relative economic importance and there are well structured and competitive value chains based on its raw materials (wood products, pulp and paper, bio-energy). This means that the full potential of non-wood forest products (NWFP) remains untapped and opportunities for developing sustainable rural economies have not been fully exploited.  Due to lack of information, capacities and knowledge at different stages of the NWFP value chain, realising the full potential of NWFP and multi-purpose trees is often prevented.

To ensure a sustainable and optimal provision of relevant forest products and services, forest management requires tools to quantify the joint production of wood and NWFP and the impacts of forest management and environmental conditions in their provision as well as trade-offs between them. Considerable improvements in all segments along the NWFP value chain are needed.

The StarTree project considers the different aspects of the NWFP value chain and provides tools and solutions to fill in the missing links.


What are NWFP?

Non Wood Forest Products (NWFP) are defined as “products of biological origin other than wood derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests”.   Forest fruits, mushrooms, pine kernels, acorns, medicinal herbs, essential oils, chestnuts: there are more than 150 non-wood forest products of importance in international trade, according to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report.

What are MPT?

Multi-purpose trees (MPT) means that the same tree is managed and used for more than only one purpose.  For example, chestnut trees can be used for production of wood, tannins and chestnut fruits while cork oak trees can produce acorns, can be harvested for cork and finally produce fuel wood.

Who are the stakeholders?

Stakeholders in StarTree are groups or individuals that are expected to be affected by the project’s activities and whose actions can have an impact on the realisation of project objectives.  In StarTree they are forest owners, resource managers, SMEs, decision makers, potential users, local and sectoral public authorities, regional development agencies, innovation support structures and rural communities. There are 14 Regional Stakeholder Groups who receive updates and reports on project developments and who participate in meetings and events related to project activities in their region.

What is an SME?

Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) is a term recognised throughout the world.  What makes up an SME, however, varies from country to country.

In EU law, the main factors determining whether a company is an SME are the number of employees and either turnover or balance sheet total.  In Europe, there are three broad parameters which define SMEs:

  • micro-entities are companies with up to 10 employees
  • Small companies employ up to 50 workers
  • Medium-sized enterprises have up to 250 employees

However, the company’s turnover or balance sheet total must also be taken into account in order to confirm the definition.

More information:


Partner Organisations

StarTree Partner

Albert LudwigsUniversity of Freiburg - Institute for Forest Growth (IWW)

Albert LudwigsUniversity of Freiburg - Institute for Forest Growth (IWW)


Growth of trees in their environment, decision tools for controlling forest growth and basic methods for the exploration of tree growth.

Asamer-Handler & Co OG

Asamer-Handler & Co OG


A consulting enterprise which supports the Association of Austrian Nature Parks by building up the “Nature Park Specialities” label.

European Forest Institute (EFI)

European Forest Institute (EFI)


Promotes and coordinates research and networking on Mediterranean forests, forestry and forest products. Supports scientific capacity-building and facilitates science-policy-practice dialogue.

Regional Case Study

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)


Food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts - to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy.

Foreco Technologies S.L. (FORECO)

Foreco Technologies S.L. (FORECO)


Consultant services and software products for decision-making in forest management, based on own research.

Regional Case Study

Forest Research Centre in the National Institute for Agricultural and Food research and Technology (INIA)

Forest Research Centre in the National Institute for Agricultural and Food research and Technology (INIA)


Scientific research, technological development and innovation, scientific-technical training, national and international cooperation and the provision of scientific-technical services to government, administrations and private sector.

Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia (CTFC)

Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia (CTFC)


Economic and policy aspects related to the Mediterranean forest sector and Forest protection on all aspects of forest mycology.

Regional Case Study

Forestry Association Lüneburg GmbH (FVL)

Forestry Association Lüneburg GmbH (FVL)


Private forest owners association, managing forests, trading of roundwood, logging operations, logistics management

Information systems for resources (INFRO)

Information systems for resources (INFRO)


Consultant in the area of wood market and building industry

Instituto de Restauración y MedioAmbiente S.L. (IRMA)

Instituto de Restauración y MedioAmbiente S.L. (IRMA)


Natural heritage protection, exploitation of natural resources, chestnut tree activities, fungi forestry activities and the development of community projects.

Regional Case Study

Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA)

Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA)

Education & Research

Higher Education, Research & Development and Technology Transfer mainly in the scientific fields of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Food Science and Engineering, Animal Production, Environmental Engineering, Biology and Landscape Architecture.

Regional Case Study

JoensuunTuotejaVihannesKy (JTVK)

JoensuunTuotejaVihannesKy (JTVK)


Buying Finnish mushrooms and berries from pickers and selling them to companies in Finland.

Karadeniz Technical University (KTU)

Karadeniz Technical University (KTU)

Education & Research

Education, research and consulting.

Regional Case Study

Latvian State Forest Research Institute (SILAVA)

Latvian State Forest Research Institute (SILAVA)


Main centre of forest science in Latvia and one of the leading establishments of scientific ideas in forestry and the related research and development in the country.

Regional Case Study

Llais y Goedwig (LlyG)

Llais y Goedwig (LlyG)

SME - not for profit

Link organisation bringing together and representing the interests of a wide range of community woodland groups in Wales. Providing information, advice and support and engaging with organisations linked to Welsh Government.

Regional Case Study

Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)

Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)


Developing solutions to the challenges and questions posed by the care, utilisation, products, services and intangible value of forests.

Regional Case Study

From 1st January 2015, Metla is part of the Natural Resources Institute Finland

PlanSinn GmbH (PLANSINN)

PlanSinn GmbH (PLANSINN)


Participation and empowerment, science communication, process control, publicity and planning in the thematic fields City & Neighbourhood, Gender & Work, Children & Young People, Open Spaces & Landscaping, Sustainability & Mobility and Environment & Water

Reforesting Scotland (RS)

Reforesting Scotland (RS)

Reforesting Scotland is a network of people working to restore Scotland's forest cover and culture, to make Scotland richer economically, ecologically and culturally. Projects include the Campaign for a Thousand Huts, forest gardening and woodfuel. Other key activities are the Annual Gathering and the publication of the Reforesting Scotland Journal.

Regional Case Study

Slovenian Forestry Institute (SFI)

Slovenian Forestry Institute (SFI)


Growth of trees in their environment, decision tools for controlling forest growth and basic methods for the exploration of tree growth.

Regional Case Study

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)

Research & Education

Renewable resources and ways to ensure a sustainable, economically feasible and environmentally sound management of natural resources by allying competences in natural, engineering, economics and social sciences.

Regional Case Study

University of Padua (UNIPD)

University of Padua (UNIPD)

Research & Education

Higher education, research and technical support for decision makers.

Regional Case Study

University of Suceava (USV)

University of Suceava (USV)


Forest policy and economics in eastern European countries,  silviculture and spatial modelling.

Regional Case Study

Wild Resources Limited (WRL)

Wild Resources Limited (WRL)


Consultancy company providing services in forest research, education, enterprise development and environmental impact assessment.


  • Adam Thorogood

    Adam Thorogood

    Co-Director of CSR organisation
  • Aila Suokas

    Aila Suokas

  • Alice Ludvig

    Alice Ludvig

  • Anže Japelj

    Anže Japelj

    Coordinator of RCS Osrednjeslovenska Region
  • Bart Van Ommen

    Bart Van Ommen

  • Bernd Hoffmann

    Bernd Hoffmann

  • Bernhard Wolfslehner

    Bernhard Wolfslehner

    WP6 Leader
  • Bettina Wanschura

    Bettina Wanschura

  • Bryan Dickinson

    Bryan Dickinson

    Member of WP1
  • Carlos Colinas

    Carlos Colinas

  • Christine Fischer

    Christine Fischer

  • David Williams

    David Williams

    Director link to Startree
  • Davide Pettenella

    Davide Pettenella

    WP 3 Leader
  • Derya Mumcu

    Derya Mumcu

  • Efa Doringer

    Efa Doringer

    Stakeholder engagement and communication in StarTree
  • Elena Gorriz

    Elena Gorriz

  • Emily Edwards

    Emily Edwards

  • Emin Baskent

    Emin Baskent

    Coordinator of RCS Bursa Province
  • Emma Chapman

    Emma Chapman

    Coordinator of RCS Scotland
  • Enrico Vidale

    Enrico Vidale

    Coordinator of RCS Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Ewald Rametsteiner

    Ewald Rametsteiner

  • Felipe Crecente Campo

    Felipe Crecente Campo

  • Gerhard Weiss

    Gerhard Weiss

    WP 5 Leader
  • Giulia Corradini

    Giulia Corradini

  • Harald Vacik

    Harald Vacik

  • Heinrich Spiecker

    Heinrich Spiecker

    WP2 task leader
  • Irina Buttoud

    Irina Buttoud

  • Irina Prokofieva

    Irina Prokofieva

    WP 4 Leader
  • Isabel Canellas

    Isabel Canellas

    Deputy Director General of Research and Technology
  • Ivana Zivojinovic

    Ivana Zivojinovic

    Member of WP5
  • Jari Miina

    Jari Miina

  • Javier Flórez

    Javier Flórez

  • Jelena Nedeljković

    Jelena Nedeljković

    Contractor, Coordinator of RCS Šumadija and Western Serbia
  • Jenny Wong

    Jenny Wong

    WP 1 Leader
  • Joana Amaral Paulo

    Joana Amaral Paulo

  • Joerg Fromm

    Joerg Fromm

  • Jonathan Sheppard

    Jonathan Sheppard

    WP2 task leader
  • José Antonio Bonet

    José Antonio Bonet

    Coordinator of RCS Catalonia
  • Juan Antonio Sánchez Rodríguez

    Juan Antonio Sánchez Rodríguez

    Coordinator of RCS Province of Valladolid
  • Jurgis Jansons

    Jurgis Jansons

  • Kauko Salo

    Kauko Salo

  • Laura Bouriaud

    Laura Bouriaud

    Coordinator of RCS Suceava
  • Liene Verdina

    Liene Verdina

  • Liviu Nichiforel

    Liviu Nichiforel

    Coordinator of RCS Suceava
  • Luis Fontes

    Luis Fontes

    Coordinator of RCS Alentejo Region
  • Marc Carrera

    Marc Carrera

  • Margarida Tomé

    Margarida Tomé

    WP 2 Leader, Coordinator of RCS Alentejo Region
  • Maria Asamer-Handler

    Maria Asamer-Handler

  • Maria Wilding

    Maria Wilding

    Coordinator of RCS West Wales and the Valleys region
  • Mario Soliño

    Mario Soliño

  • Mariola Sanchez

    Mariola Sanchez

    RTD Technologist
  • Marja Päivänurmi

    Marja Päivänurmi

  • Marko Kovač

    Marko Kovač

  • Markus Hecker

    Markus Hecker

  • Mikko Kurttila

    Mikko Kurttila

    Coordinator of RCS North Karelia
  • Natàlia Tarrés

    Natàlia Tarrés

  • Patrick Huber

    Patrick Huber

  • Paula Soares

    Paula Soares

  • Pedro Carvalho

    Pedro Carvalho

  • Przemko Doering

    Przemko Doering

    Member of WP5
  • Rafael Calama

    Rafael Calama

  • Riccardo Da Re

    Riccardo Da Re

  • Robert Mavsar

    Robert Mavsar

    Coordinator of the StarTree Project
  • Sarah Adams

    Sarah Adams

    StarTree Project Adminstrator
  • Sergio de Miguel

    Sergio de Miguel

  • Sven Mutke

    Sven Mutke

    RTD Technologist
  • Tim Radford

    Tim Radford

    Consultant for WRL, StarTree database designer
  • Toms Zälïtis

    Toms Zälïtis

    Coordinator of RCS Latvia
  • Udo Mantau

    Udo Mantau

    Coordinator of RCS Waldmärker Region
  • Veera Tahvanainen

    Veera Tahvanainen

    Assistant Researcher in StarTree
  • Verena Becker

    Verena Becker

  • Verónica Verdejo Patón

    Verónica Verdejo Patón

  • Xavier Ballabriga

    Xavier Ballabriga

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonst ration under grant agreement No. 311919

  • Last Modified: Tuesday 31 January 2017, 07:20.

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